Monday, May 21, 2018

Library to be Established on the Moon !

Artist's rendering of Astrobotic's Peregrine Lunar Lander, which will take a "Lunar Library," among other payloads, to the Moon in 2020. (Image Source: Astrobotic)

By Glenn A. Walsh
Reporting for SpaceWatchtower

In the latter part of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, famous industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie, who grew-up on the North Side of Pittsburgh, funded the construction of 2,509 public libraries worldwide (including 1,689 in the United States), as well as several academic libraries. Now, a Pittsburgh aerospace company, Astrobotic, plans to fly a digital library to the Moon, as a way to preserve human knowledge.

The “Lunar Library” will be transported to the Moon on Astrobotic's first lunar lander, called the Peregrine Lunar Lander, in 2020, which will be the first commercial mission to the Moon. The Peregrine Lunar Lander will also include time capsules with children's messages and cremated remains (for a Moon “burial”), as well as a couple small Moon rovers and a scientific instrument for the Mexican Space Agency.

Astrobotic plans to provide cost-effective, frequent, and reliable transportation to the Moon for a variety of clients, including businesses and governments as well as academic and non-profit organizations. The cost to send an item to the Moon is $1.2 million per kilogram.

Although the Lunar Library will be digitized, it will not use regular digital media. Millions of pages of text and images will be laser-etched onto thin, tiny discs of nickel (each disc about the size of a U.S. dime-coin), termed “analog microfiche.” This analog microfiche, which will include the entire contents of Wikipedia and the Rosetta Project of the Long Now Foundation (a digital library of human languages), as well as other informational content to be announced closer to the launch date, is expected to be invulnerable to the Moon's variable temperatures and the cosmic radiation that hits the Moon.

It will require a 1,000-power magnification, optical microscope to read this analog microfiche. It is expected that this library of human knowledge could last on the Moon for billions of years!

This Lunar Library will be one of several “Arch Libraries” expected to be sprinkled around our Solar System over the next several years. The Arch Mission Foundation (Arch is pronounced “Ark”, of course, reminiscent of Noah's Ark) is creating these digital libraries to back-up and help preserve human knowledge, including Earth's cultural heritages and biological records, for future generations (and, perhaps, for alien civilizations visiting our Solar System sometime in the distant future).

The Lunar Library project will be the second project sponsored by the Arch Mission Foundation. An Arch Mission “data crystal,” which contained Isaac Asimov's Foundation trilogy of science-fiction novels, flew last February on the premiere flight of the SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket.

Internet Links to Additional Information ---

Arch Mission Foundation:
Link 1 >>>
Link 2 >>>

Link 1 >>>
Link 2 >>>

Peregrine Lunar Lander:
Link 1 >>>
Link 2 >>>

Andrew Carnegie & Carnegie Libraries: Link >>>

Related Blog Post ---

"Web-Cast: 1st Test Launch of SpaceX Falcon Heavy Rocket Tue. Afternoon."

 2018 Feb. 6.

Link >>>

Source: Glenn A. Walsh Reporting for SpaceWatchtower, a project of Friends of the Zeiss.
             2018 May 21.

                             Like This Post? - Please Share!

           More Astronomy & Science News - SpaceWatchtower Twitter Feed:
            Link >>>

        Astronomy & Science Links: Link >>>

                Want to receive SpaceWatchtower blog posts in your in-box ?
                Send request to < >.


Glenn A. Walsh --- < >
Electronic Mail: < >
Project Director, Friends of the Zeiss: < >
SpaceWatchtower Editor / Author: < >
Formerly Astronomical Observatory Coordinator & Planetarium Lecturer, original Buhl Planetarium & Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh's science & technology museum from 1939 to 1991.
Author of History Web Sites on the Internet --
* Buhl Planetarium, Pittsburgh:
  < >
* Adler Planetarium, Chicago:
  < >
* Astronomer, Educator, Optician John A. Brashear:
  < >
* Andrew Carnegie & Carnegie Libraries:
  < >


  1. Good-day, I'm Josef Lewis. A reputable, legitimate & accredited lender. We give out loan of all kinds in a very fast and easy way, Personal Loan, Car Loan, Home Loan, Student Loan, Business Loan, Inventor loan, Debt Consolidation. etc

    Get approved for a business or personal loans today and get funds within same week of application. These personal loans can be approved regardless of your credit and there are lots of happy customers to back up this claim. But you won’t only get the personal loan you need; you will get the cheapest one. This is our promise: We guarantee The lowest rate for all loans with free collateral benefits.

    We strive to leave a positive lasting impression by exceeding the expectations of my customers in everything I do. Our goal is to treat you with dignity and respect while providing the highest quality service in a timely manner. No social security Number required and no credit check required, 100% Guaranteed. Kindly respond immediately using the details below if interested in a loan and be free of scams..

    Call/Text +1(603) 786-7565 thanks

  2. Nice Blog, thank you so much for sharing such an amazing information with us.
    Website Designing Company in Delhi

  3. Nice blog, you put valuable information in your blog. I’m really thankful to you for sharing this blog with us. Ogen Information is one of the best Website Designing Company in Delhi.
    Website Designing Company in Delhi

  4. Your content in this blog is really impressive, I’m really thankful to you for this information. Visit Y&H Cargo for Shipping and Freight Forwarding Services.
    Logistics Company in Delhi

  5. power testo blast planet's swimming safely in your tummy. Have you ever believed of this universal truth? What you think about you will get more of, and that contains what exactly that you do not want. To be able to lessen fat, it is so essential to really like and accept your personal whole personal body the way that it is now in this time. Stop resisting et me explain, I don't want you to think of a rattle

  6. cerisea medica
    participation is the best strategy for sustaining your new lifestyle choices. If you like of fat when you are always accustomed to the kids. Although there is a specific volume of weight-loss that happens just because you are chasing little ones all day you might want to know more about how you can focus dropping bodyweight. When you are a jobs at home mom it can sometimes be challenging ce. Sometimes it can be hard to get rid

  7. Keto fast
    been formulated with an alcohol substance to carry the effective materials to the target site with a the formulation. Panthanol is a organic constituent of healthier locks and so often included in shampoos and conditioners as it has an ability to penetrate into the cortex of the locks to reinforce caffeine bonds and strengthen the locks. The panthanol used in Biostim is not diluted by water as when with shampoos and ncorporation of PANTHANOL into

  8. Nice blog, get Fleet Painting and Vinyl Signage Printing Service by Kalakutir Pvt Ltd.
    Fleet Painting

  9. keto blast
    .enough frequent normal water and is becoming dehydrated. • Headaches. Headaches are the most common symptom of dehydration. Water flushes out all the toxins in your physique system and helps to create up 75% up the ideas. No wonder an absence of frequent normal water causes a headache! •

  10. provexum A number of natural herbs from all areas of the world have been included in this impressive natural pennis growth program operates expanding the cavernous whole personal body of the penis, in the thrilled state. On either part of the penis located the spongy position, which is called corpora cavernosa. elements found in these natural pills. •

  11. Nice blog, get an amazing Detective Services by Gribety Detective India in Jaipur and Bhopal.
    Detective Agency in Jaipur

  12. Put more informative things on this blog page, and thanks for sharing this. Visit Noble IVF for best Fertility treatment in Aligarh, India.
    IVF Centre in Aligarh

  13. Do You Need A Loan To Consolidate Your Debt At 1.0%? ( ) Or A Personal Loans * Business Loans etc. Interested Parties Should Contact Us For More Information Through Via E-mail: ( )

    Please Fill the Application Form Below:
    - Complete Name:
    - Loan amount needed:
    - Loan Duration:
    - Purpose of loan:
    - City / Country:
    - Telephone:
    - How Did You Hear About Us:

    Do You Need A Loan To Consolidate Your Debt At 1.0%? ( ) Or A Personal Loans * Business Loans etc. Interested Parties Should Contact Us For More Information Through Via E-mail: ( )

  14. Thanks for sharing such a great information.. It is really helpful to me..I always search to read the quality content and finally i found this in you post. keep it up!
    Our Service:
    Digital marketing Company
    SMM Services
    PPC Ads Services
    PPC Services in Delhi
    Website Design & Development Packages
    Seo Packages India
    Web Development Packages

  15. This is such a great resource that you are providing and you it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value.
    Domestic Lifts Manufacturers in Ghaziabad
    Domestic Lifts Manufacturers in Delhi NCR

  16. Hi, I am John Smith I am Web Developer, It is an amazing blog thanks for the sharing the blog. Frantic infotech provide the android app development such as an information about software development for costumer service. Frantic infotech also provide the responsive web design. Theve delopment of advanced web applications is Orient Software’s specialty and we will successfully fulfill all your web application development requirements, from small-sized to wider-ranged projects.

  17. Excellent Blog! I would like to thank for the efforts you have made in writing this post. Thank you for sharing this amazing content about blog.
    guest posting