Image of the Planet Mercury.
(Image Source: http://messenger.jhuapl.edu )
MESSENGER Mission News
March 26, 2013
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) — the arbiter of planetary
and satellite nomenclature since its inception in 1919 — recently
approved a proposal from the MESSENGER Science Team to assign names to
nine impact craters on Mercury. In keeping with the established naming
theme for craters on Mercury, all of the newly designated features are
named after famous deceased artists, musicians, or authors or other
contributors to the humanities.
The newly named craters include for the following authors and poets:
, for Madeleine L'Engle (1918-2007), an American writer best known for young-adult fiction, particularly the award-winning A Wrinkle in Time
and its sequels: A Wind in the Door
, A Swiftly Tilting Planet
, Many Waters
, and An Acceptable Time
. Her works reflect both her Christian faith and her strong interest in modern science.
, for Betti Alver (1906-1989), an Estonian writer
who rose to prominence in the 1930s, toward the end of Estonian
independence and on the eve of World War II. She published her first
novel, Mistress in the Wind
, in 1927. She also wrote several short stories, poetry, and translations.
, for Kristijonas Donelaitis (1714-1780), a
Lutheran pastor who was considered one of the greatest Lithuanian poets.
He is best known for The Seasons
, considered the first classic
Lithuanian poem. It depicts the everyday life of Lithuanian peasants.
His other works include six fables and a tale in verse.
, for Ennio Flaiano (1910-1972), an Italian
screenwriter, playwright, novelist, journalist, and drama critic
especially noted for his social satires. He became a leading figure of
the Italian motion-picture industry after World War II, collaborating
with writer Tullio Pinelli on the early films of writer and director
, for Howard Phillips Lovecraft (1890-1937),
an American author of horror, fantasy, and science fiction regarded as
one of the most influential horror writers of the 20th Century. He
popularized "cosmic horror," the notion that some concepts, entities, or
experiences are barely comprehensible to human minds, and those who
delve into such topics risk their sanity.
, for Sandor Petofi (1823-1849), a Hungarian poet and liberal revolutionary. He wrote the Nemzeti dal
(National Poem), which is said to have inspired the Hungarian
Revolution of 1848 that grew into a war for independence from the
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